Aleksej Savrasov: ferskil tusken ferzjes

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(Nije Side: {{wurk}} frame|right|''Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov'', 1870er jierren '''Alexei Kondratyevich Savrasov''' (''Алексе́й Кондра́тьевич С...)
 
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==Biografy==
Savrasov waard berne yn in keapmansfamylje. Hy tekene al mei jonge jierren en waard yn 1838 studint by professer Rabus oan de at the Skoalle foar Skilderkeunst, Byldhoukeunst en Arsjitektuer yn [[Moskou]], dêr't er yn 1850 ôfstudearre. Hy sesjaliserrespesjaliserre him fuortendaliks yn it lânskipsskilderjen.
 
Yn 1852 reizge er nei de [[Oekraïne]]. Then, inYn 1854 byset theer invitationhim ofta thewenjen Grandyn Duchessde Mariaomkriten Nikolayevna,fan PresidentSint ofPetersburch, theútnoege [[Imperialtroch AcademyGruthartoginne ofMaria Arts]]Nikolayevna, hefoarsitter movedfan tode theKeizerlike neighborhoodAkademy offan [[Saintde Petersburg|St. Petersburg]]Keunsten. InYn 1857, waard Savrasov becamelearaar aoan teacherde atMoskouske theSkoalle Moscowfoar SchoolSkilder of paintingkeunst, sculpturingByldhoukeunst anden architectureArsjitektuer. HisSyn bestbêste discipleslearlingen, [[IsaacIsaak Levitan]] anden [[Konstantin Korovin]], rememberedbewûnderen theirhim teacheren withbinne admirationaltyd andtankber gratitudebleaun.
[[Image:RooksBackOfSavrasov.jpg|thumb|250px|left|''De roelen binne werom'' wasskildere painted bytroch Savrasov nearby it Ipatjev-kleaster yn [[Kostroma]].]]
 
InYn 1857, heboaske er marriedoan Sophia Karlovna Hertz, sistersuster offan art historiankeunsthistoarikus K. Hertz. InYn theirharren homehûs theyûntfongen entertainedsy artistickeunstners peopleen andkeunstsamlers collectors includinglykas [[Pavel Tretjakov]]. Savrasov becamewaard especiallyin goede closefreon withfan [[Vasili Perov]]. Perov helpedholp him paintmei theit figuresskilderjen offan thede boatfigueren trackersyn init Savrasov'sskilderij ''De [[Volga River|VolgaWolga]] nearby YuryevetsJoerjevets'',; Savrasov paintedskildere landscapesde forlânskippen yn Perov's syn ''Bird catcherFûgelfanger'' anden ''Hunters onJagers Bivouacbivak''.
 
Inyn thede 1860s,60er jierren hegie traveleder tonei [[Ingelân]] toom see thede [[Ynternasjonale Tentoanstelling (1862) te sjen, anden tonei [[Switserlân]]. InYn oneien offan hissyn lettersbrieven heskriuwt wrote thater ''noder academiesis ingjin theakademy worldyn couldde sowrâld advancedy't anjin artistsa asfoarút thehelpe presentkin as worlddizze exhibitionwrâldtentoanstelling''. TheDe paintersskilders who influenceddy't him mostit weremeast Britishbeynfloede painterhawwe binne de Britske [[John Constable]] anden de SwissSwiserske painterskilder [[Alexandre Calame]].
 
''De Roeken binne werom'' (1871) is considered by many critics to be the high point in Savrasov’s artistic career. Using a common, even trivial, episode of birds returning home, and an extremely simple landscape, Savrasov emotionally showed the transition of nature from winter to spring. It was a new type of ''lyrical landscape'' painting, called later by critics ''the mood landscape''. The painting brought him fame.
 
InYn 1870, hewaard becameer alid member of thefan [[De Swalkers]] group, breakinghy withbriek government-sponsoredmei [[academicde art]]troch it regear stipe akademyske keunstrjochting.
 
In 1871, after the death of his daughter, there was a crisis in his art. The misfortunes in his personal life and, possibly, dissatisfaction with his artistic career were the reasons of his tragedy—he became an alcoholic. All attempts of his relatives and friends to help him were in vain.
 
TheDe lastlêste yearsjierren of his lifelibbe Savrasov ledas thein lifeearmoedlijer, ofwie aer pauper,sûnder wanderingeigen fromdak shelterboppe tode shelterholle. OnlyAllinne thede doorkeeperkonsjerzje offan thede MoscowMouskouske Schoolskoalle offoat painting, sculpturing and architecturekeunsten anden Pavel Tretyakov, founderstifter offan thede [[TretyakovTretjakov GalleryGalery]], werewienen presentop atsyn hisbegraffenis funeral inyn 1897.
 
== Kar út it wurk ==
<gallery>
Image:Savrasov vid na cremlin.JPG|''It Kremlin sôensjoen fan de Krymsky brêge inby Inclementmin Weatherwaar'' (1851).
Image:Savrasov oraninienbaum.JPG|''Lânskip yn de omkriten fan Oranienbaum'' (1854).
Image:Savrasov river and fisher.JPG|''Lânskip mei rivier en angelfisker'' (1859).
Image:Alexej Kondratjewitsch Sawrassow 001.jpg|Rustic''Rustyk Viewlânskip'' (1867).
Image:Savrasov winter night.JPG|''Winternacht'' (1869).
Image:Alexej Kondratjewitsch Sawrassow 002.jpg|''Winter (''1870).
Image:Savrasov zakat nadbolotom.jpg|''Sinneûndergong boppe in sompe'', 1871
Image:Savrasov pascher monastery.JPG|''Kleaster fan de Grotten ûnder [[Nizjny Novgorod]]'' (1871).
Image:Savrasov sukharev tower.JPG|''Sukharevtoer'' (1872).
Image:Savrasov rainbow.JPG|''Reinbôge'' (1873).
Image:SavrasovAK VesDen VLA.jpg|''Maitiidsdei'', 1873
Image:Savrasov rafts.JPG|''Flotten'' (1873).
Image:Savrasov VecherPerelet OD.jpg|''Jûntiid''. Fûgeltrek, 1874
Image:Savrasov monastery gate.JPG|''Poarten fan it kleaster'' (1875).
Image:Savrasov spring thaw.JPG|''Iere maitiidmaityd''. Dauwe. (1880s).
Image:Savrasov ogorody.JPG|Spring''Maityd. Keukentunen'' (1893).
Image:Savrasov rasputitsa.JPG|''Rasputitsa'' (See fan modder, 1894)
</gallery>