Abdij fan Echternach: ferskil tusken ferzjes

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[[Ofbyld:Iechternach Basilika.jpg|thumb|left|150px|The modern basilica in Echternach.]]
 
LyingEchternach, onoan thede [[Sauer|Rivierrivier de Sauer]], Echternachhie hadyn been the site of ade [[1e ieu]] in [[Romeinske Ryk|RomanRomeinske]] villafilla. ByYn thede 6th[[6e century,ieu]] thewie estatedat atlângoed Echternachyn had passedhannen intorekke thefan handsde ofbiskop the [[see offan Trier]], whichdy't haddêr constructedin alyts smallkleaster monastery on the estateboude. Yn [[698]], skonk [[Irmine]], daughterdochter offan [[Dagobert II]], grantedlân yn Echternach oaan thede [[Northumbria]]nanske [[missionary]]misjonaris Willibrord, [[BishopBiskop offan UtrechtUtert]], landom atdêr Echternachin togrutter buildkleaster ate largersetten; monastery,hja appointingbeneamde Willibrord as [[abbot]]earste abt. De Inkar part,foar theWillibrord choicewie wasfoar duein topart Willibrord'synjûn troch syn reputationreputaasje as abekearder talentedfan proselytiserheidenen (he is known as thede ''ApostleApostel tofan thede [[FrisiansFriezen]]''), and,diels inek part,om't duede tobiskopssit thefan dangerUtert posedtroch to(heidenske) hisFryske seeoanfallen ofyn Utrechtgefaar byrekke [[Paganism|pagan]] Frisian raiderswie. Echternach wouldsoe beit theearste first [[AngloAngel-Saxon mission|Anglo-Saxon]]Saksyske kleaster inop [[continentalit Europe]]Jeropeeske kontinint wurde.
 
Willibrord openedkoe thede firstearste churchtsjerke atyn Echternach inynwije yn [[700]] withmei financialjildlike backingstipe fromfan [[PepinPepyn offan Herstal]]. Continuing this connection, PepinPepyn's sonsoan, [[CharlesKarel Martel]], founderstifter offan thede [[CarolingianKarolingen|Karolingyske]] dynasty, hadliet hissyn sonsoan [[Pepyn de Koarte]] yn [[baptisme|baptised714]] atyn Echternach in [[714]]dope. Neist Instipe additionfan tode CarolingianKarolingen support,waard Willibrord's abbey at Echternachsyn hadabdij theek backingskoarre oftroch [[Wilfrid]], withmei whomwa't heer had served atyn [[Ripon]] tsjinne hie. Furthermore, Willibrord successfully overcame the stridently anti-Irish bias of Wilfrid, and secured the backing of many Irish monks, who would become the backbone for the first settlement at Echternach.
 
Willibrord spent much time at Echternach, especially after the sacking of [[Utert (stêd)|Utrecht]] in [[716]], and died there in [[739]]. Willibrord was interred in the [[Oratory (worship)|oratory]], which soon became a place of [[pilgrimage]], particularly after he was [[Canonization|canonised]]. In [[751]], Pepin raised the Abbey of Echternach to status of 'royal abbey', and granted it [[Sovereign immunity|immunity]]. Around the walls of the abbey, a town grew up that would soon became one of the largest and most prosperous in Luxembourg.
=== Carolingian Renaissance ===
[[Beornrad fan Echternach|Beornrad]], the third abbot of Echternach, was a great favourite of [[Karel de Grutte]], and was promoted to Archbishop of Sens in [[785]]. When Beornrad died, in [[797]], Charlemagne took direct control of the abbey for a year.
 
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The work of the monks at the abbey was heavily influenced by Willibrord's roots in the Britske eilannen, where a great emphasis was put on [[kodeks|codices]], and Echternach developed one of the most important [[scriptorium|scriptoria]] in the [[Frankyske Ryk]]. The abbey at Echternach produced four [[gospel]]s (in order of production): the [[Augsburg Gospels]], [[Evangeeljen fan Maeseyck]], [[Evangeeljen fan Trier]], and the [[Freiburg Gospel Book Fragment]].
 
 
* Unbekend - 700: Orizjinele tsjerke foar't de abdij der wie.
* 700 - c.800: MerovingskeMerovingyske tsjerke
* c.800 - 1016: KarolingskeKarolingyske tsjerke church
* 1031 - 1797: Oarspronklike Romaneske basilyk
* 1862 - 1944: RekonsruearreRekonstruearre basilyk
* 1953 - no: Moderne basilyk