De '''Annalen fan Ulster''' ([[Iersk]]-Gaelisch: '''''Annála Uladh''''') binne [[annalen]] oer it midieuske [[Ierlân]]. De ferslaggen omfiemje de jierren tusken 431 en 1540. De ferslaggen oant 1489 waarden gearstald yn de lette [[15e ieu]] troch de skriuwer [[Ruaidhrí Ó Luinín]], ûnder syn patroan [[Cathal Óg Mac Maghnusa]] op it eilân Belle Isle yn [[Upper Lough Erne]] yn de provinsje [[Ulster]]. Lettere ferslaggen (oant 1540) binne troch oaren taheakke.
Eardere annalen út de [[6e ieu]] wienen de boarne foar de betide ferslaggen; de lettere ferslaggen waarden basearre op mûnling oerdroegen skiednis.
De annalen binne skreaun yn
de [[Iersk-Gaelysk |Ierske taal]], mar guon ferslaggen ek yn it [[Latyn]]. Omdat de annalen wurd foar wurd út de boarnen wei oerskreaun binne, binne sy net allinne nijsgierrich foar skiedkundigen, mar ek foar taalkundigen dy't de ûntjouwingen fan it Iersk bestudearje.
[[Trinity College Library|bibleteek fan it Trinity College ]] yn [[Dublin]], besit it oarspronklike manuskript. De [[Bodleian Library]] yn [[Oxford]] hat in eigentiidske kopy, dêr't in tal gatten út it orzjineel yn opfold binne.
== Ynhâld ==
The entries of the Annals of Ulster follow three main threads: kingdoms, kings, and places.
The two main kingdoms of [[Ulster]] are the northern [[Ui Neill]] clan and the southern Ui Neill clan. The [[Keninkryk fan Brega]] is also mentioned in the Annals and is one of the kingdoms to alternately hold the high seat at [[Hichte fan Tara|Tara]]. [[Laigin]] is further to the south and is often mentioned in the Annalen as being invaded.
Several kings are mentioned throughout the Annalen fan Ulster. The Annalen tend to follow the lives of the kings, including important battles, raids, and their eventual death. Between the years of 847 and 879 , three different kings are highlighted.
Along with kings and kingdoms, the entries in the Annals of Ulster focus on important places of Ireland such as Armagh, the ecclesiastical capital of Ireland which appears several times throughout the text. Dublin for example, referred to in the text as either [[Áth Cliath ]] or Duiblinn, is described in the Annals of Ulster with entries ranging from the settlement of Dublin by Vikings ( “The heathens still at Duiblinn” in 842.2 and “An encampment of the foreigners of Áth Cliath at Cluain Andobuir” in 845.12) to deaths of notable names ( “Carlus son of Conn son of Donnchad was killed in Áth Cliath” in 960.2) to Dublin being ruled by the Irish (“The foreigners returned to Áth Cliath and gave hostages to Brian” in 1000.4).<ref>http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/</ref>
== Histoaryske kontekst fan de Annalen fan Ulster ==
'''De Wytsingen yn Ierlân'''
The Annalen fan Ulster contain a large amount of historical information on the invasions of the Vikings into Ireland and several specific events are mentioned that are paralleled in other Irish works such as the [[Cogadh Gaedhel re Gallaibh]]. The Annals of Ulster documents the Viking invasions one year after the common starting event of the Viking Period, the raiding of [[Lindisfarne]] in [], as mentioned by the [[Angelsaksyske Kronyk]]. The first mentioning of the Vikings is very brief. “794.7 Devastation of all the islands of Britain by heathens,”<ref>http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/</ref> yet over the course of the annals their attacks become more specific "807.8 The heathens burned Inis Muiredaig and invade Ros Comáin."<ref>http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/</ref>
Although the Vikings are portrayed as heathens, the annals describes strife between the Irish against each other and oftentimes the foreigners are depicted as allies to various Irish factions. The depiction of warfare involving the "heathens" is not one sided. In the annals they are often allied with the Irish against other Irish. Some Irishmen are even accused of doing the same sort of raiding as the Viking invaders.
Several famous battles and characters involving the Vikings can be found within the Annals of Ulster.
== Keppelings om utens ==