Ferskil tusken ferzjes fan "Nikolaas II fan Ruslân"

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[[Ofbyld:Tsar Nicholas II -1898.jpg|thumb|Nikolaas II (fotograaf: A. A. Pasetti), 1898]]
'''Nikolaas II Aleksandrovitsj''' ([[Russysk]]: Николай II Александрович, ''Nikol<u>a</u>j II Aleks<u>a</u>ndrovitsj'') ([[Tsarskoje Selo]], [[18 maaie]] [[1868]] – [[Jekaterinenboarch]], [[17 july]] [[1918]]) wie de lêste [[tsaar]] fan [[Keizerryk Ruslân]], [[grutfoarst]] fan [[Grutfoarstendom Finlân|Finlân]] en titulêretitulêr [[kening]] fan [[Poalen]].
 
Nicholas II ruledsyn fromregear duorre fan 1894 untiloant hissyn [[abdikaasje]] op 2 maart 1917.<ref>2 Marchmaart 1917 inneffens thede Julian[[Juliaanske Calendar then in use in Russiakalinder]], whichdat is the same day as 15 maart 1917 inneffens thede Gregorian[[Gregoriaanske Calendar used elsewhere at that timekalinder]].</ref> HisUnder reignsyn sawbewâld Imperialbelibbe Russiade gogrutmacht fromTsaristysk-Ruslân being one of the foremost grutmachten fan de wrâld toin economicekonomyske anden militarymilitêre collapsedelfal. Hy krige de bynamme '''BloodyBluodrige NicholasNikolaas''' becausefanwege of thede [[Kodynka Tragedytrageedzje]], [[BloodyBluodrige Sundaysnein (1905)|BloodyBluodrige Sundaysnein]], thede [[anti-Semiticsemimitisme|anti-semityske]] [[pogroms]], hisde executioneksekúsje of political opponents, and his pursuit offan militarypolitike campaignstsjinstanners onen asyn hithertogrutskalige unprecedentedmilitêre scalekampanjes.
 
Under hissyn rule,regear Russiawaard wasRuslân defeatedferslein inyn thede [[Russysk-Japanske Kriich]], includingmei thein almostbebei totalfolsleine annihilationferneatiging offan thede RussianRussyske fleetfloat atyn thede [[Slach fan Tsusjima]]. AsNikolaas headstimde ofyn state,mei hede approvedmobilisaasje the Russian mobilizationfan of Augustaugustus 1914, whichwat markedit thebegjin beginningfan ofde Russia'sbelutsenens involvementfan inRuslân yn de [[Earste Wrâldkriich]] betsjutte, a war in whichoarloch dêr't 3.3 millionmiljoen Russen it libben Russiansby wereferlieze killedsoene.<ref>Urlanis, Boris (1971). ''Wars and Population''. Moscow</ref> The Russian Imperial Army's severe losses and the monarchy's incompetent handling of the war, along with other policies directed by Nicholas during his reign, are often cited as the leading causes of the fall of the [[Romanov]]dynasty.
 
NicholasNikolaas II abdicatedsyn followingabdikaasje thefolge nei de [[Febrewarisrevolúsje]] offan 1917. duringHy whichwaard hemei andsyn hisfamylje familyyn wereit imprisonedeasrtoan firstfêstset inyn theit [[AlexanderAleksanderpaleis Palace]] atyn [[TsarskoyeTsarskoje Selo]], thenletter lateryn init thegûverneusrhûs [[Governor's Mansion (Tobolsk, Russia)|Governor's Mansion]] inyn [[Tobolsk]], and finally at the [[Ipatiev House]] in [[YekaterinburgJekaterinenboarch]]. Nicholas II, his wife, his son, his four daughters, the family's medical doctor, the Emperor's tsjinstfeint, the Empress' [[maidservant]], and the family's cook were killed in the same room by the [[Bolsjewiken]] yn de nacht fan 16/17 july 1918. This led to the [[kanonisaasje]] fan Nikolaas II, syn frou Aleksandra en harren bern asmartelders by various groups tied to the [[Russysk Ortodokske Tsjerke]] within Russia and, prominently, outside Russia.
 
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